Angkor Wat / Cambodia-Special:
Pictures & Information about the history of Angkor and the
Angkor Wat, Angkor Thom, Ta Phrom, Bayon & about the country
& the people of Cambodia.
|Current Page: Angkor
Wat / Cambodia-Special
Wat / Cambodia
(Ta Phrom Temple
at Angkor Wat) |
Angkor Wat and/or
Town Angkor with Angkor
Wat - History and Information
The ruins town Angkor
was the capital city of
Cambodia and centre of the Khmer
empire from the late 9th up to the early
15th century. In the 13th century the total area of Angkor
was approximate 400 square kilometre and at this time it was
one of the biggest towns worldwide. The town was build around
on the top of a hill, which symbolic –up to the cosmically
of the Hindus - the mountains of the
centre from the earth. Step by step the Khmer
kings build more and more temples
devote to the Hindu
The temple buildings
which today be considered to be architectural master pieces,
were build in a period of 300 years. They show us how important
and later the Buddhism
have been for the society
consists of a lot of temples
and Angkor Wat
is the famous and best known of them. But also Angkor
Thom with the Bayon
temple or Ta
Phrom, which was keeping for the most
parts in the same condition, as French archaeologists found
it in the 60th and 70th of the 10th century, shows the high
culture of the Khmers.
is probably the considerable ruin of all temples
in Angkor. It was bordered by a wall
with 4 colossal gates which symbolic the god king who dominates
the 4 directions of the wind. The centre of Angkor
Thom is the Bayon
temple. In it and also on the 4 gates,
were work in the world-famous stone-faces.
Wat, the biggest
survived temple of the world, was build
between 1112 and 1152. It was the tomb of Surawarman
II (1113-1150), king at that time. It
was rectangular constructed, the measurements are 850 metre
x 1000 metre and it was made completely of stone, in which
was work in pictures of scenes from Hinduism
tradition. The centre is a 215 metres
x 187 metres big pedestal with walls around it and 4 towers
in it. The central tower in the middle of Angkor
Wat has a height of 65 metre. This 5
towers symbolic the world-hill
Meru with his 5 summits as be the Centrum
of the universe in the Hinduism
Because of the invasion from Thailand in 1431 the Khmer
moved their capital city in the south and Angkor
with his temples
was leaved to the tropical forest. Just in 1858 the French
Explorer H. Mouhout discovered the temple
ruins and in the following years they
would be uncovered.
In 1987 started the restoration of these unique ruin places.
|(Ta Phrom Temple at Angkor)
||(Bayon Temple at Angkor)
||(Ta Phrom Temple at Angkor)
|Cambodia - Country
The Kingdom of Cambodia
is situated between Thailand in the west and north-west, Laos
in the north-east and Vietnam in the east and south-east.
In the south-west the Gulf of Thailand formed the boundary
The total area is 181,035 square kilometre, from which 16.2
% be protected by nature conservation since 1997. Nearly the
whole national interior was taken by a colossal low lying
alluvial land plain, the fertile Mekong-
and Tonle Sap basin. From the north,
coming from Laos,
the Mekong flow in the east plain, divide Cambodia
and flow in the south to Vietnam.
Also the Tonle Sap
Lake in the east, with his surface extension
between 2,700 square kilometres in the dry season and 10,400
square kilometre in the rainy season, is very important for
of Cambodia. The flowing off from the, the river called of the same
name Tonle Sap,
flow at Phnom Penh
in the Mekong River.
Big spaces of the plain in Cambodia
will be flooded when in the rain Saison the River because
of the high level from the Mekong
River press back in the lake. This is
the reason for the leaved fertile soil. The Kardamon
hills (up to 1,700 metre high) in the
south-west of the plain and in the north the Dangrek
chain (up to 750 metre high) form the
Capital city and place of the government is Phnom
Penh. The form of government is a constitutional
monarchy with King
Norodon Sihanouk as head of the state
since 1993. The leaders of the parliament are 2 prime minister.
has 120 members and every 5 years has been an election.
The total population
of Cambodia is was approximate 12 million
people. 20-25% of them lives in towns, the rest of them lives
on the country, where they mainly works in subsistence economic
(subsistence: methodology of economic which –without
swap goods- serves the purpose to cover ones personal needs).
The main cultivation is rice, India rubber and maize.
Chinese and Vietnamese transact the most of service and trade.
There's only a little industry in Cambodia
and the main work is exploitation of precious stone. Also
they produce cement and India rubber.
The main problem for the only slowly development of the industry
is the fault qualified personal and the antiquated power supply.
Also the infrastructure endure still because of the destruction
from the Khmer Rouge
in the 70th and 80th of the last century.
The growing wood
industry brings important foreign exchanges
in the country but the deforestation makes progress and brings
big environmental damages. In 1995 starts an embargo of exports
for wood, but the illegal wood business contribute to further
damages of the forests.
The gross national product of Cambodia
consists of approximate 50% agriculture, 35% service and 15%
still belongs to the poorest countries of the world. Main
reason for this is certainly the brutal state of war, which
must endure in the past. The Khmer
Rouge under the regime of Pol
Pot (1928-1998), who wants to change
to an absolutely agricultural state, murdered altogether 1.6
million people – mainly male population. The intellectual
élite nearly killed complete and the economy
of the country has been extensive destroyed.
Because of the many people who killed by war there’s
a lot of orphans and widows in Cambodia.
A lot of this woman lives with their children together in
small communities for help them in mutuality. By Cambodian
tradition the men was allowed to marry
more than one woman, but because of the financial burden this
will practised very seldom.
90-95% of the population are Theravada
Buddhists, the official language is Khmer
but partially they also speak French, English, Chinese and
Vietnamese. The level of alphabetical is approximate 35%.
Sample food is – like in the most other countries of
South-East Asia – rice. There are a lot of different
ways to prepare rice and he will be eaten by every meal. There
are also vegetables, fish, seafood and fruits. Religion
and manners are nearly like in Thailand. If you visit a family
or a temple, you have to take off your shoes too. As well
as in Thailand every young man has to live in one of the many
temples for at least 3 month.
|(River promenade at Phnom
||(Map of Cambodia made of
the Genocide Museum of Phnom Penh)
|(Village at the Tongle Sap
||(Beach at Sihanoukville)
(Info how to get from Ko Chang
to Angkor Wat
you'll find here: Ko
Chang / Trat - Cambodia / Angkor Wat)