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History - Figures, Facts, Data
- Thailand Information
(Street at the mainland in Trat
near Ko Chang in Thailand) |
the "land of free”, as the only country of South
East Asia was never annexed by foreign
Due to this the Buddhist kingdom could as far as possible
keep its own culture – and carries this adequate name
History of Thailand
After the foundation of today’s Chakri-Dynasty by king
Rama I in 1732, a coup d’état took place in 1932
by which the constitutional monarchy was established.
1948 after political riots military assumed the power, which
apart from a short democratic phase end of the sixties they
kept in hands until the early seventies.
Middle of the sixties the relation to the United States of
America was strengthened. Main reasons were on one hand the
interest in promoting the economic
relation and on the other hand to stop
the expansion of communism
in the Indochina region.
Later during the Vietnam
War the USA operated various Air Force
bases in Thailand.
The last coup d’état
took place in 1991. The military brought down the elected
and appointed the interims premier minister Khun Panyarachun.
When in April 1992 no party could win a majority general Suchinda
Kraprayoon announced himself for head of government
what resulted in numerous demonstrations which were bloodily
knocked down by the military. Khun Suchinda resigned in May
when king Bhumipols
intervened whereupon in September 1992 free elections
took place. Several democratic
parties managed to gain a tight majority
1995 the Chart-Thai-Party
won, Khun Banharn Silapa-archa became new prime
minister. Since then the military must
not have more then two third of the seats in the representative
End of 1996 a new prime minister Khun Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
was elected, he however including his cabinet had to yield
the public pressure and resigned after a one year term. Khun
Chuan Leekpai, chairman of the Democratic Party and already
Thai head of government from 1992 to 1995 thereupon became
prime minister again.
Since beginning of 2001 Khun Thaksin Shinawatra amongst others
founder of the TRT-party
(Thai rak Thai
– Thais love Thais)
became prime minister of
The history in figures
|Foundation of the Chakri dynasty by king Rama
Coup d’état and implementation of the constitutional
Renaming of Siam into Thailand.
Alliance with Japan in World War 2.
Assassination of king Ananda Mahidol. New king becomes Bhumipol
Adulyadej (Rama IX).
Political riots and coming into power by the military.
Official enthronement of king Bhumipol.
Readmission of parties and parliamentary elections.
Disbandment of the government and the constitution, publication
of martial law under General Kittikachorn.
Suspension of the military dictator Kittikachorn by king Bhumipol.
First free elections and coalition government under Khun Kukrit
Fights between right and left groups.
Coup d’état, Khun Chomanan becomes new head of
Parliamentary election, Khun Choonhavan becomes prime minister.
Putsch and appointment of Khun Panyarachun for prime minister.
General Suchinda Kraprayoon announces himself for prime minister,
re-election after 1 month, Khun Chuan Leekpai becomes prime
After elections Khun Silapa-archa becomes new prime minister.
50 years of regency of king Bhumipol, who is the world wide
longest reign monarch.
Parliamentary election in November, the NAP (New Aspiration
Party) wins with a narrow margin in front of the DP (Democratic
Party), formation of a new government with Khun Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
at the top.
Formation of a new government under prime minister Khun Chuan
Hostage-taking in the Myanmars embassy by oppositional Burmese.
Bloodless relief of the 89 hostages on the next day.
The organisation MGC (Mekong-Ganga-Co-operation) for the promotion
of regional co-operation is founded by the member states Thailand,
Myanmar, India, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
Re-elections, prime minister becomes Khun Thaksin Shinawatra
who in March only barley escaped an attempted murder.
On 26th of December a Tsunami runs over the west coast of
Thailand in which 5000 people lose their lives.
Elections, prime minister Khun Thaksin Shinawatra is confirmed
in office with an overwhelming majority. He is the first prime
minister who manages to stay in office for a complete legislative
period and in addition is re-elected.
Sources: Microsoft Encarta Weltatlas 2001, Data Becker Lexikon