Politics, Economy, Infrastructure,
Health, Medical Care, Health Risks, Malaria & Precaution in
Virtual Travel and Island Guide with all Information for Holidays & Travels to Thailand.
Infrastructure & Malaria in Thailand
- Thailand Information
in Laem Ngop at the mainland in front of
Ko Chang in Thailand)
Data, Figures & Facts about
Capital and seat of government of Thailand: Bangkok
Area of Thailand:
513.115 square kilometre
Thailand’s highest elevation: 2.565m (Doi Inthanon)
Population of Thailand: 62 million (estimated in the year
Organisation of administration: 73 provinces
National holiday in Thailand: 5.12. (birthday of the king)
Constitution day: 10.12.
Time zone: +6 h compared with CET
Politics in Thailand
The official form of government
in Thailand is since 1932 the constitutional
Thailand’s head of state is king Bhumipol Adulyadej
(Rama IX, born on the 5.12. 1927) since 1946. His official
enthronement was held in 1950. Despite several attempted coups
Thailand’s king was and is a symbol of national unity
and stability. Admittedly he has only little political competences,
the governmental power has the Thai prime minister who runs
the governmental businesses with the aid of the cabinet.
Thailand’s legislative lies in the national assembly
which consists of elected delegates of the representative
chamber and appointed members of the senate who must not belong
to any party.
The legislative period of the parliamentarians is 4 years.
The general electoral law Thais achieve at the age of 18.
1932 the former Thai king lost his power due to the revolution.
Nevertheless the Thai take their hat off the monarchy. For
example is it outlawed – despite freedom of speech in
political reporting - neither in writing nor verbal to express
oneself in an insulting way about the royal house. To the
king himself the Thais are very regardful. For example stamps
with the image of the king are not licked with the tongue
but are moistened with a sponge, bank notes should be stored
in the purse with the picture of the king is not upside down.
Stepping on a bank note consciously can cause mayor trouble,
in worst case can even lead to a prison sentence.
The cross national product (GNP) amount to 111.327 million
dollars in 1998 what is equivalent to a per capita cross national
product of 1.820 US dollar. From this agriculture produces
about 11 %, industry 41 % and the remaining 48 % by tourism and
services. Thailand’s national budget in 1997 accounted
for 27.746 million Dollar while costs were 28.750 million
Dollar. Currency is the Thai Baht (THB), worth 100 Satang. Not
only the continuously expanding tourism brings foreign currencies
into the country also Thailand for two decades is one of the
fastest growing economies in Asia. In the 80th European and
American groups invested into Thai companies and concerns
what gave a lasting boost to the economy and the exporting
industry and in the beginning of the 90th led to a short time
economical boom. Traditionally Thailand’s agriculture
is the spine of the economy. Thailand is the fifth biggest
agrarian exporter in the world mainly natural rubber, tapioca,
manioc, sugar and sugar cane, rice and fish are exported.
Also corn, coconuts, tobacco and soy-beans are cultivated.
Apart from importing wheat Thailand is almost independent
from the import of foods. From an industrial point of view
machines, electronic devices, textiles and cloths, shoes,
jewellery and crafts are manufactured and exported. Furthermore
electronic apparatus and accessories, integrated circuits,
furniture and plastics are produced. Thailand most important
foreign trade partners for exporting are apart from the United
States of America, Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia,
Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Imported are mainly chemical and petrochemical products, vehicle
parts, iron and steel, consumer goods and food. Thailand’s
most important trade partners for importing are apart from
Japan and the United States, Germany, Taiwan and also Singapore
and Malaysia. As raw material tin, lead, wolfram, manganese,
lignite, iron, copper, natural gas, petroleum, natural rubber
and wood are to be mentioned.
Thailand’s most important source for devices still is
the tourism, which has contributed most to the growth of the
Despite all these positive developments Thailand is facing
mayor problems. Mainly the poor infrastructure and environmental
problems must be mentioned. High air pollution and uncontrolled
clearing of the forests – even though forbidden since
1989 but still practised – are the main problems must
be made responsible for this.
The Thai road network enfolds about 50.000 km. The railroad
traffic is rather inconsiderable, the whole railway system
enfolds less than 4.000 km. The harbours in Bangkok, Sattahip,
Map Tha Phut, Songkla and Laem Chabang are of great importance
for international trade. The international air traffic Thailand’s mainly concentrates
apart from Bangkok on Phuket and Chiang Mai.
Thailand’s main means of traffic are busses, in the
cities also taxis, tuc-tucs and rickshaws. In Thailand also
left-handed traffic is to be considered.
Health, Risks and Malaria in Thailand
- Thailand’s Medical
The medical care in Bangkok
and in the tourist areas
is very good, in the rural regions rather fragmentary. In
1993 there were little over 100.000 sickbeds
and less than 14.000 doctors.
Which leads to an average of little under 4.500 people per
- Health Risks in Thailand
The health risk for western tourists in Thailand are relatively
small, cautious behaviour suppositional. The hygienic conditions
are generally also pretty good, Thais themselves set a high
value to cleanness, having a shower several times a day is
As in some parts of Thailand the necessary energy for cooling
is not available it might happen that food and ingredients
lay in the displays without cooling for quite some time. You
should thus in these regions try to do without having food
from touring dealers, eating unpeeled fruits, drinking insufficiently
boiled water or eating fried meat. Vaccinations are not compulsory
for Thailand but basically it is not amiss to have cholera,
hepatitis B- + C-, tetanus and polio vaccination no mater
what Asian countries you travel to.
According to The World Health Organisation, Thailand is listed
as a category-C-country, but for travellers and holiday-makers
only a very small risk exists. Therefore only the border areas
to Cambodia and Laos apply. The south and Bangkok are considered
German travel guides advise against using chemical malaria
prophylaxis, while English travel guides endorse these. Many
of the mosquitoes that transfer the malarial parasite, are
meanwhile resistant to most of the prophylaxis medicines.
Other protection (mosquito-lattice on the windows and doors
and/or mosquito-nets) is recommended. Bright clothes, long
trousers, long-armed shirts and if necessary mosquito-repellent
for the skin also helps prevention. Mosquito-coils (smoking
spirals, available in all supermarkets) reduce the risk to
be stung as well, however spread a rather unpleasant smell.
Mosquito-repellent for skin application is likewise available
Information about the malaria situation on Ko Chang: "Ko Chang Information",
situation, medical care & security on Ko Chang"!
|Source: Microsoft Encarta Worldatlas 2001,
Data Becker Encyclopedia 2002 and others.